Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology
Boards

Editor

Javier Eslava Schmalbach, MD, MSc, PhD
Director Technology Development Center
Sociedad Colombiana de Anestesiología y Reanimación
(S.C.A.R.E)
Professor of the Faculty of Medicine
Vice-dean for Research and Extension
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia

Associate editors

Martha Beatriz Delgado, MD, MSc
Associate Professor, Program Director,
Faculty of Medicine
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana — Bogotá, Colombia

Juan Carlos Villalba, MD, MSc
Cardiovascular Anesthesiologist— Clinical Epidemiologist
Hospital del Niño de Cundinamarca —Bogotá, Colombia

International associate editors

Georgia Salanti, PhD Lecturer
Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology Unit
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology
University of Ioannina School of Medicine Grecia

Paul White, MD, PhD
Professor of Anesthesiology
University of Texas - SW. Medical Center Estados Unidos

Boards

J. Antonio Aldrete, MD, MSc
Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, U.S.A..
Dr. Honoris Causa, Universidad de Buenos Aires “Honorary Foreign Member”,
Academia Nacional de Medicina de Buenos Aires.
President and Founder of the Arachnoiditis Foundation, Inc. – Birmingham U.S.A.
Óscar G. Gómez-Duarte, MD, PhD
Professor
School of Medicine
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee
Estados Unidos

Paul Brown, PhD
Professor
Health Economics and Public Health University
of California, Merced Estados Unidos

Henry Oliveros-Rodríguez, MD, MSc
Intensivist – Clinical Epidemiologist
Hospital Militar Central - Bogotá Colombia

Jorge Eduardo Caminos, MSc, PhD
Associate Professor in the Department of Physiology
Faculty of Medicine
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

David A. Rincón-Valenzuela, MD, MSc
Professor, Unit of Anesthesiology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Anesthesiologist,
Department of Anesthesiology,
Clínica Universitaria Colombia, Colombia

Carlos H. Martínez, MD, MPH
Clinical Lecturer, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine,
The University of Michigan Health System,
University of Michigan Medical Center, Estados Unidos

Christian Apfel, MD, PhD
School of Medicine, University of California,
San Francisco, Estados Unidos

Scientific and Advisory Committee

María Soledad Cepeda Moreno, MD, PhD
Professor, TUSM
Research Faculty Members
Department of Anesthesia
Tufts Medical Center Estados Unidos

Fernando De la Hoz Restrepo, MD, MSc, PhD
Director Doctorado Interfacultades en Salud Pública
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Hernando Gaitán-Duarte, MD, MSc Profesor
titular Departamento de Gineco-obstetricia
Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas Universidad
Nacional de Colombia, Colombia

Adrian W. Gelb, MD, MB, ChB, D.A., F.R.C.P.C.
Professor of Anesthesiology
U.C.S.F. Medical Center
Estados Unidos

Alejandro Jadad, MD, PhD Director
Centre for Global eHealth Innovation
Toronto, Canadá

Coordinator: Knowledge Dissemination Department

Diana Milena Rojas Garzón

Editorial Professional

Sergio Iván Ochoa Sanabria

Editorial Assistant

Gisella Sandoval Vargas

Illustration of cover

Mónica Bonilla

Proofreaders

ELSEVIER

Translators

Marthe Flórez de Briceño Adriana de Hassan Ross Swanson

Electronic Edition for SciELO

Claudia Ivon Bunch

Digital versions for mobile devices

Carlos Eduardo Cantor

Printing

Panamericana Formas e Impresos S.A.

Distribution

Servientrega S.A.
TCC

Executive Director S.C.A.R.E.

Gustavo Reyes Duque,MD,Mg

Scientific Subdirector

Luz María Gómez Buitrago, MD

BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE COLOMBIAN SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGY AND RESUSCITATION (S.C.A.R.E.)

President
José Ricardo Navarro Vargas, MD

Vice President
Olga Marina Restrepo, MD

Board Members
Germán Junca
Juliana María Mendoza Villa
Camilo Cruz Arciniegas
Roque Palomino
Carlos León
Juan Carlos Amaya
Edgar Franco

NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE OF THE S.C.A.R.E.

Anestesia Cardiotoracica Hernán Charris,MD Bogotá
Anestesia Endovenosa Alberto Vanegas,MD Bogotá
Anestesia Obstétrica Mauricio Vasco,MD Bogotá
Anestesia Pediátrica Piedad Echeverry,MD Bogotá
Comite de Bioética Ana Helena Perea B., MD Bogotá
Comite de Ciencias Básicas y farmacología en anestesia Fernando Ríos, MD Bogotá
Dolor Carlos Restrepo, MD Bogotá
Eventos críticos en medicina perioperatoria Hans García, MD Bogotá
Reanimación cerebrocardiopulmonar Johnnie Smith Husbands Luque, MD Bogotá
Seguridad Bernardo Robledo, MD Bogotá
Trasplantes y Medicina transfusional Fernando Raffan, MD Bogotá
Comite de Salud Ocupacional en anestesiología Miguel Ramírez , MD Cali
Anestesia para cirugía plástica Jorge Bayter, MD Bucaramanga
Medicina critica y cuidado intensivo aplicado a la anestesia Leopoldo Ferrer, MD Bogotá
Educación Juan Camilo Gómez, MD Manizales
Trauma y atención pre hospitalaria Carlos Sanabria, MD Cali
Anestesia Neuroquirúrgica Eliana Posada, MD Medellin
Anestesia Regional María Isabel Vasuez, MD Medellin
Comite para Gestión en Regulación en Salud Diego Acosta,MD Medellin
Via aérea Juan Pablo Caicedo, MD Cauca
Postgrado de residentes de anestesiología Javier Esteban Toro, MD Medellin
Cirugía de torax Alfredo Gutiérrez, MD Cali
Sedación Liliana Suárez, MD Bogotá
Cirugía ambulatoria Jorge Rubio, MD Bogotá

CONSULTATORY COMMITTEE — EX PRESIDENTS OF THE S.C.A.R.E.

Alberto Delgadillo, MD † (1949 - 1956)
Aníbal Galindo Holguín, MD † (1956 - 1961)
Horacio Martínez, MD (1961 - 1963)
José María Silva Gómez, MD (1963 - 1967)
Nacianceno Valencia Jaramillo, MD † (1967 - 1969)
Fabio Villalobos, MD † (1969 - 1971)
Jorge Colmenares Espinosa, MD † (1971 - 1973)
Marceliano Arrázola, MD (1973 - 1975)
Jaime Herrera Pontón, MD † (1975 - 1977)
Bernardo Ocampo Trujillo, MD (1977 - 1979)
Carlos Celis Carrillo, MD (1979 - 1981)
Isaac del Real Helo, MD (1981 - 1983)
Julio Enrique Pena Baquero, MD † (1983 - 1985)
Sebastian Merlano, MD (1985 - 1987)
Luis Jorge Benedetti Esguerra, MD † (1987 - 1989)
María Eugenia Gómez Pizza, MD (1989 - 1981)
Manuel Galindo Arias, MD (1991 - 1993)
Arnobio Vanegas Ángel, MD (1993-1995)
Saúl Antonio Charris Borelli, MD (1995 - 1997)
Jorge Mario Correa, MD (1997 - 1999)
Fernando Aguilera Castro, MD (1999 - 2001)
Rafael Macía Mejía, MD (2001 - 2003)
Mario Granados Sandoval, MD (2003 - 2005)
Albaro Yepes Martínez, MD (2005 - 2009)
Yazmín Higgins Turbay, MD (2009 - 2012)